The growing number of babies born to obese mothers throughout the world face a higher risk of developing serious health problems in adulthood, according to several recent studies.
Children of obese mothers are prone to brain damage, heart disease, stroke and asthma in adulthood, warn health experts.
Obese parents pass on the tendency towards obesity to their children, creating a “vicious cycle” that warrants urgent action on the part of health officials, said the researchers of the new studies.
The list of health risks is surprisingly long, including diseases like cancer, and conditions such as ADHD and autism.
From The Guardian:
“Four studies published in the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology make clear that the risks of maternal obesity include stillbirth, dangerously high blood pressure in pregnant women, diabetes in the mother or child, and complications during childbirth.
“The scale of obesity in women of childbearing age and the consequent dangers to health were so great that urgent action was needed to ensure women were a normal weight before they conceived, the authors say.
“Mothers being very heavily overweight could lead to their children having autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or developing cancer in later life, the researchers say.”
Between 2011 and 2012 in the United States, nearly a third of women at peak childbearing age (20 to 39) were obese, and 60 percent of American mothers were either overweight or obese at the time they conceived.
In Britain, where obesity rates among women are the highest in Europe, 20 percent of mothers were already obese when they became pregnant. In 2013, 26 percent of women in England between the ages of 35 and 44 were obese, as were 18 percent of 24- to 35-year-olds.
Global obesity has reached ‘pandemic proportions’
“Obesity has reached pandemic proportions globally and its origins start in the womb,” said Professor Lesley Regan, the president of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
Regan pointed to the fact that more than 25 percent of men and women in the UK are obese, and that the one in five pregnant women who are obese face an increased risk of “miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death as well as gestational diabetes, blood clots, pre-eclampsia, more complicated labours and severe bleeding after the birth.”
The researchers involved in the studies are concerned that the global obesity problem will only worsen, particularly in the developing world. It is estimated that more than 20 percent of women throughout the world will be dangerously overweight by 2025.
One research paper warned of long-term “profound public health implications,” while another called for governments to begin treating obesity as a global public health priority.
There is increasing evidence indicating that obesity during pregnancy can lead to a child being predisposed not only to developing diseases like type 2 diabetes and asthma, but also neurodevelopmental disorders like cerebral palsy.
The complex interaction of “neuroendocrine, metabolic, immune and inflammatory” factors in obese women are believed to affect hormonal exposure and nutrient supply to fetuses, leading to possible brain damage in unborn children.
Searching for solutions in a world dominated by fast food and sedentary lifestyles
The experts all agree that something should be done, but there are no simple solutions. Increased education and guidance may be part of the answer, but a number of aspects of modern day-to-day life are increasing the tendency towards becoming obese.
Among these are an “increasingly commercialized food supply” (i.e. junk food), reliance on cars and public transport, dangerous and overpopulated urban environments, and the tendency to sit in front of TV and computer screens for unhealthy periods of time.
Ultimately, it is the responsibility of parents to lose weight before giving birth to children and to set a healthy example for children as they grow and develop. But in a world of fast food and smartphones, this may not prove to be so easily accomplished.
(NaturalNews) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDs, are readily available at gas stations, convenience stores and pharmacies nationwide. They’re sold over the counter, and you can buy them at pretty much any age. Our casual relationship with NSAIDs suggests that they are harmless drugs, but the truth is that they are actually quite dangerous. One of the most hazardous effects of NSAID use is the potential for gastrointestinal bleeding, which can even be lethal.
Of course, the health risks associated with NSAID use are nothing new; research has alluded to these ill effects for many years. In 2005, a study published by the journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, found that chronic use of these over-the-counter pain relievers led to an increased risk of visible damage in the small intestines and intestinal bleeding. Science Daily reports that the study’s findings indicated that “71 percent of those who were exposed to NSAIDs for more than 90 days had visible injury to their small intestine.” The injuries ranged from small amounts of tissue erosion to more serious and severe ulceration.
In 1998, a statement in an issue of the ‘The American Journal of Medicine’ revealed the following:
Conservative calculations estimate that approximately 107,000 patients are hospitalized annually for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-related gastrointestinal (GI) complications and at least 16,500 NSAID-related deaths occur each year among arthritis patients alone. The figures of all NSAID users would be overwhelming, yet the scope of this problem is generally under-appreciated.
That was almost 20 years ago, folks.
And if research indicates anything at all, it’s that more people are taking over-the-counter drugs for pain relief. A study published by the journal Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety in 2014, found that NSAID use had skyrocketed in just five years. Between the years 2005 and 2010, there was a whopping 41 percent increase in use! Don’t you think that the number of people dying from or being harmed by NSAIDs is probably even higher now? According to PharmaDeathClock, about 277,400 people have died from NSAID use over the last 16 years. That’s over 17,000 people per year – and that still may be a conservative estimate.
NSAID use is ingrained in our society. When you have a headache, you take a pain reliever. When you’ve got joint or muscle pain, or even a fever, most doctors tell you to try taking an NSAID – if they don’t try to sell you something stronger. This constant use of pills will only cause one thing, and that’s bleeding in your gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Coffee is ingrained in many people’s early morning routines because they rely on its mildly stimulating effect to get them going for the day. In addition to keeping people from crawling back to bed and eluding their responsibilities in the morning, the world’s favorite hot beverage can also help people power through long grueling workouts, according to new research published in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism.
Although endurance athletes commonly ingest caffeine in the form of powder or tablets as a means to enhance training intensity and competitive performance, conflicting evidence exists regarding the efficacy of coffee — a popular source of caffeine — in improving athletic performance. Unsure of coffee’s effect on performance, researchers conducted a meta-analysis review to evaluate how pre-exercise coffee impacts endurance performance.
Caffeine, the most popular psychoactive substance among people of all age groups and cultural backgrounds, is typically used to boost the central nervous system for cognitive or physical endeavors. The stimulant is produced by a variety of beans, leaves, and fruits, but is most commonly consumed in the form of coffee, according to the National Council on Strength and Fitness (NCSF).
For the study, Higgins and his colleagues reviewed nine randomized control trials that specifically used coffee to improve endurance. During the trials, study participants either cycled or ran after drinking coffee. They then exercised vigorously, and the results were measured.
Researchers from five studies found significant improvements in endurance performance. They found between 3 and 7 milligrams per kilogram of body weight of caffeine from coffee increased endurance performance by an average of 24 percent. The amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee can vary from 75 milligrams to more than 150, depending on the variety and how it’s roasted and brewed. Americans consume about 27 ounces of coffee each day, Medical News Today reported.
“This is helpful for athletes because coffee is a naturally occurring compound,” Higgins said. “There’s the potential that getting your caffeine by drinking coffee has similar endurance benefits as taking caffeine pills.”
Higgins said the endurance effects of coffee as a source of caffeine could be just as advantageous as taking caffeine in the form of powder or tablets.
“While there is a lack of high-quality research on coffee as a source of caffeine, there is an abundance of research on pure caffeine,” he said. “It’s surprising how little we know about caffeine from coffee when its endurance effects could be just as beneficial as pure caffeine.”
Nevertheless, before any recommendations can be given to athletes, more research will be needed to determine how different the effects of caffeine from coffee are against those from pure caffeine — especially since the amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee can vary.
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Caffeinated or decaf, a new study suggests that drinking coffee may protect against colorectal cancer when compared to non-coffee drinkers. The study was published this week in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention.
AICR research shows that coffee lowers risk of endometrial and liver cancers.
The study comparing approximately 5,100 colorectal cancer patients against 4,100 people matched in age and other factors to the patients. The survivors had been diagnosed with colorectal cancer within the past six months of filling out questionnaires on their eating and drinking habits. Participants were from Israel, part of the Molecular Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer study.
Overall, daily coffee consumption linked to lower risk of colorectal cancer. When compared to non-coffee drinkers, coffee consumption linked to a 26 percent lower risk. Drinking higher amounts of coffee linked with lower risk. Decaffeinated and boiled coffee were each also found to lower risk.
This link was found after taking into account some risk factors for colorectal cancer, such as age and family history. It did not take into account BMI, and excess body fat is strong risk factor this cancer.
This study has several caveats, such as relying on memory from those with a condition may bias their recall. More research is needed.
The study was supported by the National Cancer Institute at the NIH and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences at the NIH.
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